American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

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Thermodynamic Analysis and Performance Improvement in Biomass Power Plant: A Comprehensive Review

Received: 28 November 2023    Accepted: 29 December 2023    Published: 20 February 2024
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Abstract

Biomass power plants play a crucial role in the sustainable energy sector by converting organic materials such as agricultural residues, forest biomass, and dedicated energy crops into electricity and heat. Biomass power plants represent a viable and renewable energy solution that can contribute to transitioning to a low-carbon economy. Their ability to convert organic materials into electricity and heat, coupled with proper management of feedstocks and emissions, can provide a sustainable alternative to fossil fuel-based power generation. Biomass has appeared as one of the most encouraging renewable energy sources for the replacement of fossil fuels. An extensive study about the prospective of biomass to produce renewable energy in the world has been exhibited in this article. The biomass-driven combined heat and power plant demonstrates 67% and 12% efficiency improvement compared to the stand-alone biomass power plant. BFP-CCS performs best at the H2O/Mn2O3 mass ratio of 1.6, the H2O/O2 molar ratio of 2.8, the O2/biomass mass ratio of 0.22, and the fuel utilization factor of 0.65. The exergo-economic and exergo-environmental factors obtained are 51.5% and 0.0288% respectively at the favorable operating conditions. The round-trip efficiency of the process using R1233zd was 8.77%, which was slightly lower than that of the process using R245fa (8.84%). The net power output of the final CLC integrated configuration and conventional power plants are 492.19 kW and 273.12 kW respectively. A lot of energy can be recovered without low-temperature corrosion problems, and 7% of the total input energy can be saved. The maximum obtainable exergy efficiency was 42.03%, which was related to MSW (Municipal Solid Waste). The primary aim of this review is to furnish a thorough understanding of the thermodynamic complexities and potential improvements within biomass power plants. Through a critical analysis of current research and emerging technologies, this review aims to establish the groundwork for more effective and sustainable energy production from biomass, playing a crucial role in shaping a cleaner and more environmentally friendly future.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajmme.20240801.11
Published in American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering (Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2024)
Page(s) 1-14
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Sustainable Energy, Organic Materials, Agricultural Residues, Forest Biomass, Renewable Energy, Low-Carbon Economy, Fossil Fuel, Municipal Solid Waste

References
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    Roni, M. A. R., Abedin, M. Z., Islam, S., Miah, M. A. H., Ahsan, Z. (2024). Thermodynamic Analysis and Performance Improvement in Biomass Power Plant: A Comprehensive Review. American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, 8(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajmme.20240801.11

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    ACS Style

    Roni, M. A. R.; Abedin, M. Z.; Islam, S.; Miah, M. A. H.; Ahsan, Z. Thermodynamic Analysis and Performance Improvement in Biomass Power Plant: A Comprehensive Review. Am. J. Mech. Mater. Eng. 2024, 8(1), 1-14. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmme.20240801.11

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    AMA Style

    Roni MAR, Abedin MZ, Islam S, Miah MAH, Ahsan Z. Thermodynamic Analysis and Performance Improvement in Biomass Power Plant: A Comprehensive Review. Am J Mech Mater Eng. 2024;8(1):1-14. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmme.20240801.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajmme.20240801.11,
      author = {Md. Abdur Rahman Roni and Mohammad Zoynal Abedin and Samsul Islam and Md. Abdul Hannan Miah and Zahid Ahsan},
      title = {Thermodynamic Analysis and Performance Improvement in Biomass Power Plant: A Comprehensive Review},
      journal = {American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering},
      volume = {8},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-14},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajmme.20240801.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajmme.20240801.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajmme.20240801.11},
      abstract = {Biomass power plants play a crucial role in the sustainable energy sector by converting organic materials such as agricultural residues, forest biomass, and dedicated energy crops into electricity and heat. Biomass power plants represent a viable and renewable energy solution that can contribute to transitioning to a low-carbon economy. Their ability to convert organic materials into electricity and heat, coupled with proper management of feedstocks and emissions, can provide a sustainable alternative to fossil fuel-based power generation. Biomass has appeared as one of the most encouraging renewable energy sources for the replacement of fossil fuels. An extensive study about the prospective of biomass to produce renewable energy in the world has been exhibited in this article. The biomass-driven combined heat and power plant demonstrates 67% and 12% efficiency improvement compared to the stand-alone biomass power plant. BFP-CCS performs best at the H2O/Mn2O3 mass ratio of 1.6, the H2O/O2 molar ratio of 2.8, the O2/biomass mass ratio of 0.22, and the fuel utilization factor of 0.65. The exergo-economic and exergo-environmental factors obtained are 51.5% and 0.0288% respectively at the favorable operating conditions. The round-trip efficiency of the process using R1233zd was 8.77%, which was slightly lower than that of the process using R245fa (8.84%). The net power output of the final CLC integrated configuration and conventional power plants are 492.19 kW and 273.12 kW respectively. A lot of energy can be recovered without low-temperature corrosion problems, and 7% of the total input energy can be saved. The maximum obtainable exergy efficiency was 42.03%, which was related to MSW (Municipal Solid Waste). The primary aim of this review is to furnish a thorough understanding of the thermodynamic complexities and potential improvements within biomass power plants. Through a critical analysis of current research and emerging technologies, this review aims to establish the groundwork for more effective and sustainable energy production from biomass, playing a crucial role in shaping a cleaner and more environmentally friendly future.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Thermodynamic Analysis and Performance Improvement in Biomass Power Plant: A Comprehensive Review
    AU  - Md. Abdur Rahman Roni
    AU  - Mohammad Zoynal Abedin
    AU  - Samsul Islam
    AU  - Md. Abdul Hannan Miah
    AU  - Zahid Ahsan
    Y1  - 2024/02/20
    PY  - 2024
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    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajmme.20240801.11
    T2  - American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
    JF  - American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
    JO  - American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
    SP  - 1
    EP  - 14
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2639-9652
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajmme.20240801.11
    AB  - Biomass power plants play a crucial role in the sustainable energy sector by converting organic materials such as agricultural residues, forest biomass, and dedicated energy crops into electricity and heat. Biomass power plants represent a viable and renewable energy solution that can contribute to transitioning to a low-carbon economy. Their ability to convert organic materials into electricity and heat, coupled with proper management of feedstocks and emissions, can provide a sustainable alternative to fossil fuel-based power generation. Biomass has appeared as one of the most encouraging renewable energy sources for the replacement of fossil fuels. An extensive study about the prospective of biomass to produce renewable energy in the world has been exhibited in this article. The biomass-driven combined heat and power plant demonstrates 67% and 12% efficiency improvement compared to the stand-alone biomass power plant. BFP-CCS performs best at the H2O/Mn2O3 mass ratio of 1.6, the H2O/O2 molar ratio of 2.8, the O2/biomass mass ratio of 0.22, and the fuel utilization factor of 0.65. The exergo-economic and exergo-environmental factors obtained are 51.5% and 0.0288% respectively at the favorable operating conditions. The round-trip efficiency of the process using R1233zd was 8.77%, which was slightly lower than that of the process using R245fa (8.84%). The net power output of the final CLC integrated configuration and conventional power plants are 492.19 kW and 273.12 kW respectively. A lot of energy can be recovered without low-temperature corrosion problems, and 7% of the total input energy can be saved. The maximum obtainable exergy efficiency was 42.03%, which was related to MSW (Municipal Solid Waste). The primary aim of this review is to furnish a thorough understanding of the thermodynamic complexities and potential improvements within biomass power plants. Through a critical analysis of current research and emerging technologies, this review aims to establish the groundwork for more effective and sustainable energy production from biomass, playing a crucial role in shaping a cleaner and more environmentally friendly future.
    
    VL  - 8
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh

  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh

  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh

  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh

  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh

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